Sephora customers often prefer the following products when searching for Lotion Spf 30.

Browse the top-ranked list of Lotion Spf 30 below along with associated reviews and opinions.

Size 2.4 oz/ 71 mL · ITEM 2322808
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$22.00

Not greasy or sticky...No white residue left behind...I personally like this sunscreen, I'm a black woman so I love that this product doesn't leave a weird tint on my face plus it's not super greasy...I've been loving Supergoop's CC Cream for the summer, so I knew I had to try their Everyday Sunscreen
What it is: A fast-absorbing, non-greasy, water and sweat-resistant, and broad-spectrum SPF 30 lotion for face and body.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dryness

Formulation: Lotion

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Sunflower Extract: Rich in beta carotene and helps protect your skin from external environmental elements.
- Rosemary Leaf Extract: Has a calming effect on the skin and is rich in antioxidants.

Ingredient Callouts: This product is vegan, cruelty-free, reef-safe, and gluten-free.

What Else You Need to Know: This super-lightweight, ultra-moisturizing formula provides high-performance protection from UVA, UVB, and IRA rays and defends skin from photoaging and dehydration. Plus, it's made with natural extracts of citrus, basil, and bois de rose, so you'll leave that typical sunscreen smell behind.

Clean at Sephora
Clean at Sephora is formulated without a list of over 50 ingredients, including sulfates (SLS and SLES), parabens, phthalates, and more. For the full list, check out the Ingredients tab.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 2117745
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$35.00

No complain of stinging near eyes or oiliness...Bought it as a gift for my boyfriend and he loves it
Which skin type is it good for?
✔ Normal
✔ Oily
✔ Combination
✔ Dry
✔ Sensitive

What it is:
A lightweight, invisible daily moisturizer with SPF.

Solutions for:
- Dryness

If you want to know more…
This non-greasy formula absorbs quickly and virtually disappears into skin. Broad-spectrum SPF 35 filters UVA/UVB rays to help prevent damage and early signs of aging caused by the sun. HYDRA-ENDURE Technology™ pairs barrier reinforcers with a blend of extracts from plants that are known to endure extreme weather conditions. Together, they help skin absorb and retain vital hydration and defend against the damaging effects of infrared rays, pollutants, and other external aggressors.
ITEM 2403319
[ 1 more colors ]
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$34.00

Orange on fair skin...I really wanted to love it...It's slightly glowy on me but I love it because I have normal/ dry skin now...It's beautiful on top of the skin and I recommend it to anyone who's trying to cover up minimal blemishes or redness
What it is: A tinted, lightweight, broad-spectrum daily moisturizer that protects against UVA/UVB rays and blue light while leaving skin hydrated.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dryness and Redness

Formulation: Lightweight Lotion

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Pure Argan Oil: Nourishes and protects skin with essential fatty acids, antioxidants, and vitamin E.
- Non-Nano Zinc Oxide: Offers physical protection from UVA/UVB rays.
- Lingonberry: A skin-soothing berry rich in polyphenols to help defend the skin from blue light.

Ingredient Callouts: This product is cruelty-free, gluten-free, and is reef safe.

What Else You Need to Know: Defend your skin against UVA/UVB rays and blue light with this fast-absorbing, lightweight broad-spectrum physical SPF. It leaves skin feeling hydrated with no white cast—there‘s also a universal tint for extra warmth and visible radiance. It‘s reef safe and made to protect your skin and preserve our oceans.

Clean at Sephora
Clean at Sephora is formulated without a list of over 50 ingredients, including sulfates (SLS and SLES), parabens, phthalates, and more. For the full list, check out the Ingredients tab.
Size 1.69 oz · ITEM 886457
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$52.00

I really love it...I love this stuff...The Best 30 SPF Protection...i love this lotion, it absorbs quickly, im actually using it right now, I only have one complaint, its a little too light for my skin in the winter time, I usually need 3 pumps and I still feel my face a little bit dry (thats coz I have dry skin)
What it is: A lightweight, antioxidant- and vitamin-enriched sunscreen lotion that delivers hydration to the skin.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dryness

Formulation: Lotion

What Else You Need to Know: This moisturizer is enriched with vitamins E, CG, and B5, and is ideal for all skin types. It offers protection from sun damage with dermatologist-recommended UVA-UVB SPF 30, helps hydrates skin, and helps to fight the visible effects of environmental aggressors.
Size 5 oz/ 150 mL · ITEM 1873215
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$32.00

Protects skin very well...Good quality, safe to use...It makes my skin feel baby soft, has a very very light almost sweet vanilla scent that is s o flattering and lasts all day even when I was outside adventuring and sweating...Awesome sun lotion, especially if you have gorgeous chocolate brown skin and don't want white lotion sunblock streaks
Which skin type is it good for?
✔ Normal
✔ Oily
✔ Combination
✔ Dry

What it is:
A smooth, lightweight sun lotion that hydrates and nourishes the skin while providing broad spectrum, SPF 50 sun protection.

Solutions for:
- Dryness
- Roughness and uneven texture

If you want to know more…
Sun Lotion SPF 50 from Moroccanoil Sun™ hydrates and nourishes the skin with antioxidant-rich argan oil and vitamin E. Broad spectrum, water-resistant (80 minutes) sun protection helps shield from UVA/UVB rays, which cause sunburn and premature signs of aging. The formula is lightly fragranced with a luxurious Monoi scent.

What it is formulated WITHOUT:
- Parabens
- Phthalates

What else you need to know:
This product is also mineral oil-free.

Size 1.7 oz · ITEM 1682053
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$32.00

so good dry skin...I love the smell...I would recommend this to people with skin on my more dry side because I have combination oily skin and layering this on top of my moisturizer made my face really shiny and oily and it wouldn't really soak in...I take sun protection very seriously and since I don't want to spray myself in the face with Hawaiian tropic or use some cream that will undoubtedly make my already oily skin sludgey, I was glad to see a sunblock in a higher spf that was actually made by a cosmetics company
Which skin type is it good for?
✔ Normal
✔ Oily
✔ Combination
✔ Dry
✔ Sensitive

What it is:
A vegan, hypoallergenic non-chemical sunscreen infused with antioxidants to protect against UV-induced free radical damage without a greasy residue or that unflattering, ghostly cast.

Solutions for:
- Dryness
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Sun protection

If you want to know more…
Tarteguard protects, moisturizes, and brightens for hydrated, younger-looking skin while acting as the perfect, non-greasy canvas under makeup. Powerful ingredients like maracuja, apple extract, and hyaluronic acid help nourish, tone, and retain moisture while fighting signs of aging like hyperpigmentation and fine lines.

What else you need to know:
This product is dermatologist tested, vegan, and recommended by Skin Cancer Foundation as effective form of protection for daily use. Broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection SPF 30 features all physical, non-chemical sunscreen ingredients.

Clean at Sephora
When you spot our Clean seal, you can be sure we’ve checked that this brand’s product is made without the ingredients you told us you’d most like to avoid.

Clean at Sephora™ is formulated without:
Sulfates SLS and SLES, parabens, formaldehydes, formaldehyde-releasing agents, phthalates, mineral oil, retinyl palmitate, oxybenzone, coal tar, hydroquinone, triclosan, triclocarban. All skincare, hair, and makeup brands with the Clean Seal have less than one percent of synthetic fragrances.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 1417294
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$51.00

I love it though...I LOVE this stuff...However I recently have stopped using this, since it only has SPF 20 (generally the recommended minimum SPF is 30), and it is a chemical sunscreen - with active ingredients Octisalate 5%, Avobenzone 3%, and Octocrylene 2.7%....Gave it 4 stars because I cannot comment just yet on the correcting aspect, but I am very impressed with this lotion for the spf protection and moisturizing without irritating my skin
What it is:
A refreshing, oil-free hydrating lotion for oily skin that corrects and prevents uneven skintone.

What it is formulated to do:
This oil-free moisturizing lotion was formulated specifically for those with oilier skin types. The specialized ingredients break apart surface darkening and exfoliate it away for a more-even complexion and prevent future damage with high-level UVA/UVB defense. Instantly skin is left bright, radiant, and beautiful.

What it is formulated WITHOUT:
- Parabens
Size 5 oz/ 150 mL · ITEM 1873223
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$32.00

Love this sun block...This stuff is great...I bough this sun lotion for a trip to Hawaii and I am soo happy that I did...I used this with the Lancome bronzer brush for a little added sparkle and I felt like a beach bronze goddess everyday I was there
Which skin type is it good for?
✔ Normal
✔ Oily
✔ Combination
✔ Dry

What it is:
A smooth, lightweight sun lotion that hydrates and nourishes the skin while providing broad spectrum, SPF 50 sun protection.

Solutions for:
- Dryness
- Roughness and uneven texture

If you want to know more…
Sun Lotion SPF 50 from Moroccanoil Sun™ hydrates and nourishes the skin with antioxidant-rich argan oil and Vitamin E. Broad-spectrum, water-resistant (40 minutes) sun protection helps shield from UVA/UVB rays, which cause sunburn and premature signs of aging. The formula is lightly fragranced with a luxurious Monoi scent.

What it is formulated WITHOUT:
- Parabens
- Phthalates

What else you need to know:
This product is also mineral oil-free.
Size 2 oz/ 59 mL · ITEM 2125904
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$69.00

Great on my skin...love the spf too...Love the spf of 30....In terms of getting rid of dark spots I havent used this long enough to know whether or not it will work but as someone who is obsessed with skincare and effective ingredients I can honestly say this is the best spf I have ever used and the ingredients are great for what it claims to do although works way better if paired with a vit.c serum in the morning... Truth be told after years of dealing with hyperpigmentation I truly only recommend retinol, AHA's, and vit.c serums
What it is: An oil-free moisturizer that instantly hydrates and protects against environmental aggressors.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dullness and Uneven Texture and Dryness

Formulation: Lotion

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Vitamin C Ester: Provides supercharged brightening and smoothing.
- Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA): Nature's most powerful antioxidant.
- Mineral-based Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide: Deliver advanced SPF protection.

Ingredient Callouts: Free of sulfates SLS and SLES, parabens, and phthalates.

What Else You Need to Know: This ultra-lightweight, whipped texture immediately hydrates and protects against environmental aggressors while delivering long-term brightening benefits. It is formulated with mineral-based broad-spectrum SPF for superior sun protection. It derives its natural color from astaxanthin, a rich antioxidant known for its photo protective powers.

Clinical Results: In a 4-week study:
- 95% agreed their skin immediately felt perfectly moisturized, softer, and smooth
- 93% agreed their skin felt hydrated without feeling heavy, greasy, or sticky
- 88% agreed their skin had a healthy glow
Size 1.7 oz · ITEM 1260397
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$40.00

This is the best...Gets the job done...It's a decent cream with 30 SPF....still wasn't enough, then I decided to give this a try and after a week I had calmer skin, my face was breaking out less, my skin looked healthy and more even, I can just put on a little eye make up and go out and look amazing I love this product, I just ran out and my face is again a disaster so i'm appricating it all over again when I get it in the mail this wednesday :D
What it is: A multi-action moisturizer that offers both physical and chemical sun protection.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dullness, Uneven Texture, Loss of Firmness and Elasticity, and Fine Lines and Wrinkles

Formulation: Lightweight Lotion

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Alpha Arbutin: A naturally derived ingredient that helps skin appear brighter and more even.
- Homeostatine: A complex of two botanical ingredients that helps firm and smooth the appearance of skin.
- Zinc Oxide (OTC): A nano-free physical sunscreen that helps filter harmful UV rays without irritating skin.

Ingredient Callouts: This product is vegan, cruelty-free, and gluten-free, and comes in recyclable packaging.

What Else You Need to Know: This formula combats common signs of aging to keep your complexion youthful and healthy looking. A blend of active ingredients works to help even skin tone, soothe, smooth and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and protect skin from harmful UV rays.

Clinical Results: In an independent clinical study after daily use for 4 weeks:
- 89% reported a more radiant complexion
- 85% reported an improvement in skin’s overall appearance
- 79% reported an improvement in skin’s hydration

Clean at Sephora
Clean at Sephora is formulated without a list of over 50 ingredients, including sulfates (SLS and SLES), parabens, phthalates, and more. For the full list, check out the Ingredients tab.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 2027910
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$109.00

good for my skin...I am loving this...The perfect day time moisturizer with 30 spf....I like to use this on days I don't wear make up so I can say how I wears with make up but I think it's a great product to use to moisturizer your skin and protect from sun exposure
Which skin type is it good for?
✔ Normal
✔ Oily
✔ Combination
✔ Sensitive

What it is:
A multi-action moisturizer with SPF 30 protection that works to lift, firm, and improve the look of fine lines and wrinkles.

Solutions for:
- Dark spots
- Loss of firmness and elasticity
- Fine lines and wrinkles

If you want to know more…
Meet your new moisturizer that breaks all of the rules: Rénergie Lift Multi-Action Ultra. Powered by linseed extract, this moisturizer works to lift, firm, improve wrinkles, and visibly reduce dark spots. The quick-absorbing texture is oil-free and will not clog pores. SPF 30 provides additional protection against future environmental skin damage. The texture blends seamlessly into skin, leaving behind no white residue regardless of skintone, revealing radiant, comfortable, hydrated skin all day long with or without makeup.

What it is formulated WITHOUT:
- Parabens
- Sulfates
- Phthalates

What else you need to know:
This product is noncomedogenic and tested under dermatological control.

Research results:
In a four-week clinical study, after one week:
- Subjects reported skin texture is smoother.
- Subjects reported skin appears brighter and more radiant.
- Subjects reported fine Lines and wrinkles are visibly reduced.

After four weeks:
- Subjects reported skin appears firmer and more lifted.
- Subjects reported dark spots are visibly reduced.
- Subjects reported seeing a younger-looking complexion.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 1212281
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$51.00

Good on the skin...I like it so far...goes on easily and made skin feel soft, I just entered my 30's and had two small girls and have noticed some "aging" spots on my face... this has helped a little bit so far, its only been two weeks, so we'll see, but I am loving it so far...This is a great brightening and moisteruzing cream, I cant say that the cream exfoliate because I use a seperate product for that but it is the best product I have ever used and I have light sunburn on one side of my face nothing you can ser but definitely what I can feel
What it is: A soothing, oil-free cream with specialized ingredients that break apart surface darkening, exfoliating it away.

Skin Type: Dry and Combination

Skincare Concerns: Dullness and Uneven Texture and Uneven Skin Tone

Formulation: Lightweight Cream

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Octisalate 5%
- Avobenzone 3%
- Octocrylene 2.7%

Ingredient Callouts: Free of parabens, phthalates, oil, and fragrance.

What Else You Need to Know: Wear this calming cream daily to see a more even, healthy-looking skin tone. This product is allergy tested.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 ml · ITEM 1988625
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$32.00

My face is clear...I love this cream...It moisturizers the skins so nicely but doesn't leave a greasy feeling and I'm so glad it has a broad spectrum SPF of 30, I love that in a moisturizer....my face looks beautiful and the SPF works so good, I live in the beach and I don need extra sunscreen with this
Which skin type is it good for?
✔ Normal
✔ Dry
✔ Sensitive

What it is:
A 24-hour, light-textured daily hydrator with SPF 30.

Solutions for:
- Dryness
- Loss of firmness and elasticity

If you want to know more…
Inspired by their beloved "Greenland First Ascent" Ultra Facial Cream, Kiehl’s created this daily, light-textured, 24-hour, moisturizer that leaves skin feeling balanced, comfortable, and hydrated. The formula also helps protect against skin-damaging UVA and UVB rays with broad spectrum SPF 30. Formulated with Antarcticine®, a Glycoprotein known to withstand extreme cold, and fountain plant, notable for its ability to help skin maintain its natural moisture reserves, this superb moisturizer leaves skin soft, smooth, and healthy-looking.

What it is formulated WITHOUT:
- Parabens

What else you need to know:
Through Ultra Facial Cream, Kiehl’s was honored to lend support and protection from the elements to the heroic team of the "Greenland First Ascent" expedition. The six explorers completed the first-ever ascent of Greenland’s ice covered peaks on May 30, 2005.

Kiehl’s is inspired by its rich heritage as an old-world apothecary, applying over 165 years’ worth of cosmetic, pharmaceutical, herbal, and medicinal knowledge into the formulations. They utilize the finest natural ingredients and incorporate advanced scientific technologies to ensure the highest quality and most efficacious formulas without compromise. They are protective of the environment as they maximize the use of renewable, sustainable, and biodegradable ingredients. Kiehl’s proudly stands behind the quality, efficacy, and safety of each of their products.
Size 1.7 oz · ITEM 1800275
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$55.00

I really like it...Perfect In A Jar...Wonderful anti-aging regimen for 20s and early 30s...I have only used this a few times as I received a sample from birchbox, but so far, I love it
What it is:
A radiance-making moisturizer with revitalizing teasel extract to fight the effects of daytime stress for glowing, healthy-looking skin.

What it is formulated to do:
This cream formula minimizes the appearance of fine lines, boosts skin’s radiance, and helps protect the skin from harmful UVA/UVB rays. It contains Clarins’ exclusive anti-pollution complex and is powered by teasel extract to deliver targeted revitalizing and antioxidant action to where your skin needs it most.

What it is formulated WITHOUT:
- Parabens

What else you need to know:
This cutting-edge must-have is dermatologist-tested and noncomedogenic. It is ideal for women in their 30s.
Size 1 oz/ 30 mL · ITEM 2186773
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$39.00

Love the high spf...It had me glowing...I was looking for a moisturizer with an SPF of greater than 30....This is one of my favorite products because it does have SPF in it but I noticed that it doesn't tend to leave me with a white face to see you when you were to put some block on it is a very moisturizing and it leaves my skin super hydrated this is one of the best products I have tried and I tend to not like as much SPF primers but this for sure it is in my top 5
What it is: An oil-free, SPF 50 facial sunscreen, moisturizer, and makeup primer that protects and hydrates with a lightweight texture.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dryness

Formulation: Gel

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Vitamin E, Moringa Extract, and Edelweiss Extract: Potent antioxidants that improve skin‘s appearance.

Ingredient Callouts: Free of sulfates SLS and SLES, formaldehydes, formaldehyde-releasing agents, phthalates, mineral oil, retinyl palmitate, coal tar, hydroquinone, triclosan, and triclocarban, and contains less than one percent of synthetic fragrances.

What Else You Need to Know: This three-in-one facial moisturizer with SPF 50 UVA/UVB sun protection keeps the look of early signs of aging at bay while priming. The cooling aqua-gel transforms into a translucent, lightweight, non-greasy sunscreen that absorbs quickly and is easy to blend on all skin tones and types including sensitive skin.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 2354629
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$52.00

4 out of 5 stars...It is so amazing...so many are just SPF 15 - 30, this one actually has the appropriate protection...I received this spf for testing, and I try throughout 1 month, and so I'm happy) it's good light moisturizer with spf 45 for my combination skin, as like a tender cloud with thin smell) I recommended this hyaluronic hydrating moisturizer with spf 45
What it is: A broad-spectrum SPF 45 sunscreen with a unique water-break texture and invisible finish that protects the skin and provides up to 72 hours of hydration.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Fine Lines, Wrinkles, and Dryness

Formulation: Cream

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Broad-Spectrum SPF 45: Provides UVA/UVB sun protection to help diminish visible signs of aging.
- Hyaluronic Acid Complex 30%: Improves hydration and can attract and retain water from moisture in the air.

Ingredient Callouts: Free of sulfates SLS and SLES, parabens, formaldehydes, formaldehyde-releasing agents, phthalates, mineral oil, retinyl palmitate, oxybenzone, coal tar, hydroquinone, triclosan, and triclocarban, and contains less than one percent of synthetic fragrances. This product is also reef safe.

What Else You Need to Know: This reef-safe formula drenches skin with a 30 percent hyaluronic acid complex and ceramides to help diminish visible signs of aging. It is also formulated with Pentavitin® which provides up to 72 hours of hydration and replenishes moisture depleted by outdoor heat and sunlight, while a five percent SunBoost ATB™ enhances sun protection. After use, skin is left feeling silky soft and hydrated.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 2314094
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$109.00

Hence - Oil Free...Best in Face Care...Has a 30 SPF for during the day....I have received this LANCOME Renergie Lift Multi-Action Ultra Dark Spot Correcting Cream SPF 30 cream completely for free and I have been testing it for approximately 20 days and I must say that it acts quickly compared to other creams that I have been able to try, the change in my tone Skin and firmness are really evident, because of my age I had small crow's feet, marks on my brow, around my bica and many spots and freckles that have dissipated
What it is: A melting, lightweight sunscreen and face cream in one that lifts, firms, and corrects the appearance of dark spots.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Dark Spots, Fine Lines and Wrinkles, and Dullness and Uneven Texture

Formulation: Liquid Cream

Highlighted Ingredients:
- Avobenzone (3%), Octisalate (5%), and Octocrylene (7%): Helps filter out the sun.

Ingredient Callouts: This product contains less than one percent of synthetic fragrances.

What Else You Need to Know: A lifting, firming, and dark spot-correcting cream for the face, neck, and décolleté. It is enriched with linseed extract, exclusively sourced in France. It acts on the key visible signs of aging linked to the loss of collagen: fine lines, wrinkles, elasticity, and firmness.
Size 1.7 oz/ 50 mL · ITEM 2234110
exclusive· limited edition· buzzworthy· online only
$70.00

Good for dry skin...Great for day use...I wait amount 15/30 minutes before I apply makeup....I love when products contain SPF and I can layer them on for sun protection, which I consider to be the most important factor in anti-aging and wrinkle prevention
What it is: An anti-aging moisturizer with SPF 23 that hydrates and visibly corrects wrinkles.

Skin Type: Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily

Skincare Concerns: Fine Lines, Wrinkles, and Dryness

Formulation: Cream

Highlighted Ingredients:
- ReNeura Technology+™: Helps improve skin receptivity to awaken and maintain the effectiveness of your treatment over time.
- KOMBU-Bounce Complex: Helps address the causes of wrinkle formation and serves as a natural wrinkle inner-filler.
- Avobenzone 2%, Homosalate 5%, Octinoxate 7.4%, Octocrylene 3%, and Oxybenzone 1.5%: Sun protection.

Ingredient Callouts: Free of sulfates SLS and SLES, parabens, and phthalates.

What Else You Need to Know: Featuring the latest technology from Japan, ReNeura Technology+™ improves skin's receptivity while KOMBU-bounce complex serves as a natural wrinkle inner-filler, helping to target the look of current and future wrinkles. The texture absorbs quickly and provides up to 24-hour moisture for smooth, resilient skin.

Clinical Results: After using Benefiance Wrinkle Smoothing Day Cream for 4 weeks:
- 84% said fine lines were less visible
- 94% said skin was soft and supple
- 87% said skin’s loss of resilience was improved